Stuck in traffic

Enter your email address:

Get Goa News right in your mailbox!


Stuck in traffic – Preetu Nair and Peter de Souza, English, Gomantak Times Goa Pinpointing the people involved in trafficking in Goa the story informs the readers about the modus operandi of the traffickers explicitly and vividly—underlining the nexus between these offenders and the police, the politicians. The writer goes behind the statistics and zeros-in on the men and women who add to the traffic in Goa’s sex highway. It is written in a way that it generates credibility from within; the style followed is as if one is listening to a live show. 


-Goa Blog 

An National Human Rights Commission report conducted by the Institute of Social Sciences on trafficking of women and children in India 2002-2003″, reveals that Goa has the highest levels of trafficking of women and children compared to other states. Peter De Souza and Preetu Nair goes behind the statistics and zero’s in on the men and women who add to the traffic on Goa’s sex highway. And it’s piling up. Tragically there are no rules or committed policemen to even control, far less eradicate this jam that is ruining our land

Calangute/ Colva: Welcome to the kingdom. This is not quite the Alice in Wonderland and this story does not go through the rabbit hole but it sure does go through a hell hole, and there is no mad hatter’s tea party but surely a crazy sex party. This is not a fairy tale for children Coz there are no fairies or fairy Godmothers, just trafficking women who pose as mothers.
And unlike Alice in Wonderland, where a rabbit leads Alice to the fascinating adventure, in Goa, you have characters like “The Jackal”, “Sex” and “Hoyo” who perform a medley of vice and torture, to take Goa to the top of charts in India’s sex traffic map.
Trafficking has acquired grave dimensions in the state after Baina demolition (Red light area in Vasco demolished in 2004). The trafficker is no more a gharwali or brothel keeper and there is more sophistication, complexity and consolidation of trafficking networks. Further, sex tourism has generated a high demand for virgin girls and young children.
Many tourists now demand young children, in view of the popular myth that sex with virgins can cure them of HIV and other serious diseases. Besides, it is reliably learnt that the pain that the children undergo during intercourse, gives the abuser the thrill. Sadly enough, though sex tourism and related trafficking of women and children is increasing, what is shocking is the response of the concerned agencies, which has adopted a lackadaisical attitude and shows no will to combat sex tourism.
Our investigations revealed that organised crime of trafficking revolves around two master traffickers: Carlos, the Jackal in North Goa and Raju in South Goa. At the moment they are arch manipulators, chief profiteers, master criminals and the kingpin of the entire trafficking operations in the state. But they manage and modulate all activities and transactions in such a way that they remain unnoticed. Further, GT investigations reveal that to ensure that the trade goes on unhindered, they pay the police and politicians not only in cash but also in kind, which often includes allowing ‘free sex’ with the trafficked victims.

Meet the merchants of the human trade in Goa:
• Carlos, the Jackal, who hails from Pomburpa had escaped from judicial local-up at Margao somewhere in August. He has 150 cases of extortion and robbery at almost all police stations in Goa. And it is reliably learnt that he strengthened his flesh trade operations while in jail.
At the moment he is living and operating from a huge rented house in Ucassaim, which surrounded by thick forest. His modus operandi is simple: He purchases Lamani, Rajasthani children, children of rag pickers and even from as far as Orissa, Bihar and Tamil Nadu between the ages of eight and twelve for Rs 30,000 or even less through unscrupulous agents whom he had met in jail. These children are trafficked to Goa by a woman, who poses to be the child’s mother, to escape the clutches of the law. Once in Goa, the children are handed over to Carlos’s accomplice, a woman nicknamed Hoyo from Anjuna. Hoyo, a sex worker, supplies these kids to foreigners from Anjuna, Calangute and Sinquerim. These children are sent as a helping hand along with a woman (who claims to be their mother), who is also incidentally in the flesh trade, as a maid. The charge per child ranges from $ 1000 to 2000 a month. Younger the child, higher the price. But the child only gets mere Rs 2000 to 3000 for his services, while the fictitious mother gets Rs 5,000. Carlos and his gang members share the rest.

Our investigations reveal that in Calangute and Sinquerim alone there are at least forty rich and elderly foreigners who openly live with children and click pornographic pictures. Though Carlos is the most wanted criminal in Goa, he moves around freely on a Yamaha bikes, without any fear of the police or child activists.
• Raju’s operations are almost similar to Carlos. But his earning per child is almost double than that of Carlos. Just like Carlos, Raju also purchases children between the age of eight and eleven from Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh for Rs 30,000 or less and trafficks them to Goa through a fictitious mother. His main accomplice is not a woman; but a man, a shack owner in Colva nicknamed Sex. Sex’s job is to provide bikes and young children to foreigners and he carries on with his trade without any hindrance, as his godfather is a top and controversial politician from South Goa.
While Raju hails from Tamil Nadu and stays in Colva- Betalbatim and looks after a foreigner’s bungalow, Sex hails from Potwado, Colva. They also have an Italian partner, who runs a prominent Italian restaurant near the fish market in South, and has connection with rich foreign tourists along the entire beach belt in the South. Sex takes children in a large vehicle with tinted glasses to the Italian, who in turn supplies them to rich foreigners, including Europeans and Arabs.
When contacted Santosh Vaidya, Secretary, Women and Child said that he was not aware of these illegal operators. But he admitted that trafficking is a really a matter of concern. “That’s why we had brought the Goa Children’s Act which clearly defines trafficking. After the Act was introduced, there has been a check on trafficking. But also a co-ordinated action is required from everyone,” admitted Vaidya.
“We have not heard of them, not at least by these names. Illegal trafficking of girls and children for the flesh trade is not high in Goa. Delhi is way ahead of Goa. I talk about this from experience,” added DIG Ujjwal Mishra.

Goa serves as a source, transit and destination where thousands of young girls and children are exploited day in and day out. Often, the actors in the trafficking network collaborate and protect each other. Just check out the types of prostitution phenomenon in Goa and the traffickers:

• Brothel based prostitution: Baina & Margao
• Street based prostitution: Vasco, Margao, Colva, Panjim, Calangute, Anjuna
• Hotel based prostitution: All over Goa
• Vehicle based prostitution: North & South Goa tourist belt

• Brothel keepers previously operating in Baina
• Few pilots ( Two wheeler taxi) and taxi owners
• Few hotels and lodges in the tourist areas and on the highways – Karwar, Molem & Sawantwadi
It is generally believed that trafficking is driven by a demand for women’s and children’s bodies in the sex industry, fuelled by a supply of women and children denied equal rights and opportunities. But trafficking is not just limited to flesh trade. Check out the trafficking in its manifestations:

1. Trafficking for sex-based exploitation, i.e. for brothel based and non-brothel based commercial sexual exploitation, pornography, paedophilia, sex tourism, mail-order bride system, disguised sexual abuse in the garb of massage parlours, beauty parlours, bartending, friendship clubs.

2. Trafficking for non-sex-based exploitation, including a vast area of servitude, slavery and exploitation, either as bonded or forced labour or using them as drug peddlers, for begging, giving in adoption, trading in human organs, trafficking for false marriages and other similar exploitative practices.

The study, “A report on trafficking of women and children in India 2002-2003”, reveals that Goa has the highest levels of trafficking of women and children compared to other states. However, though inter-state trafficking is high, the intra-state trafficking is a minimal with only 0.6 percentage, just as in the case of Delhi.
The study commissioned by National Human Rights Commission was carried out with the support of UNIFEM and conducted by the Institute of Social Sciences (ISS) also confirms that trafficking, though not reported from many places, is happening almost everywhere.
Based on primary data collected through interviews of 4006 persons in 13 states and Union Territories, including victims, exploiters and perpetrators, the study encompasses major areas of trafficking. On one hand, the study confirmed that majority of trafficked persons are girl children and on the other hand it negated certain popular myths that the clientele who visit the brothels or abuse trafficked girls are men who live away from their families and, therefore, look for options to satisfy their sexual urges.
“The exploitation of women and children takes place not only before trafficking, but also during trafficking and after trafficking. The rights of the trafficked persons are violated with impunity. They are subjected to physical and emotional harm from sexual assault to economic deprivation, and violation of human dignity,” the study reveals.
What is shocking is that even the post-trafficking scenario finds the victim at the end of the tunnel, with almost no hope of survival. The victim is subjected to different types of conceivable and inconceivable acts of perversion and exploitation. Further, the law enforcement, in most places, violates the rights of victims as the common practice is to arrest, chargesheet, prosecute and convict the trafficked victims, the study confirmed.
“Even in Goa the target of action is not the traffickers but the trafficked victims. Statistics reveal that most of the offences booked under ITPA relates to sec 7 and 8 are against trafficked victims and not against the traffickers. Trafficked victims are arrested but no customer, pimp, transport agent, lodge owner, hotel owner, taxi owner, etc are arrested, though the law is very clear that those who commercialize prostitution and those who benefit from the earning from prostitution are committing an offence”, said Arun Pandey, ARZ, who conducted the study for ISS in Goa.

Hails from : Pomburpa
Now lives in : Huge Rented House in Ucassaim,
Violation: 15O Cases of Extortion and Robbery
Traffic Operation: buys children from Rajasthan, Orissa and Bihar for Rs 30,000 each who are trafficked to Goa by a woman posing as their mother
Preferred vehicle: Yamaha bike
Traffic partner: Hoyo, a woman

Name : HOYO
Lives in: Anjuna
Occupation: Sex worker cum Trafficker
Traffic operation: Supplies Children to foreigners from Anjuna, Calangute and Sinquerim. Children are sent with a woman (who claims to be their mother).
Traffic ‘toll tax’ to be paid by customers: $ 1000 to 2000 a month. Child gets a mere Rs 2000 and the “mother”, Rs 5000

Hails from: Tamil Nadu
Now lives in: Colva-Betalbatim
Traffic operation: Buys children between the age of eight and eleven from Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh for Rs 30,000 or less and traffick’s them to Goa through a fictitious mother
Traffic partner: A Shack owner called ‘sex’. (Yes you read it right)

Hails from: Potwado, Colva
Traffic operation: Takes children in a large vehicle with tinted glasses to an Italian, who in turn supplies them to rich foreigners, including Europeans and Arabs.
Traffic partner: THE ITALIAN who runs a prominent Italian restaurant near a fish market in South Goa.

Credits: Peter de Souza & Preetu Nair
(The article appeared in GT Weekender, Panjim edition, January 29, 2006)

3 Comments so far (Add 1 more)

  1. A deadly stigma!

    A youth in Sattari in the Western State of Goa, India believes that TB kills and is not curable. In a remote village in Sanguem, an Anganwadi worker has no access to patients, due to the fear that she may spread the news that they have TB in the village. Anil Sawant stopped the magic pills because he had to travel 25 kms to the health centre for his medicines. These are some of the scary cases that plague the inner areas of the state. PREETU NAIR walks into the heart of Goa, into a different world. For the people living there, TB is not just a public health problem, but a social stigma .

    TB kills. We don’t even drink water from a house if there is a TB patient living there. What if I get TB after drinking the water?” asked Shidhu Varak, an 18-year-old literate youth from Dhangarwada, Poriem in Sattari. His friend, Dilip Gaonkar from Gholwada, Poriem added, “We don’t even get married into a family if we know that anyone in the family had TB. It is a contagious disease and no medicine can ever cure it.”

    On the other hand, Nago Bhavdan from Corla Moti in Quepem has never heard of TB. His son, a student of standard IX has read about infectious TB and strongly believes that it is incurable. Believe it or not, TB still continues to be a dreaded, incurable disease caused due to a curse or sin in rural Goa. ”

    TB is not just a public health problem. It is a social problem and the patient is stigmatised and isolated in society. The failure of the health authorities to create awareness about the advances in treatment of TB has added to the woes,” said Rajendra Kerkar, a school teacher and grassroots worker in Sattari taluka.

    Despite social mobilisation, the TB control programme has not been able to break the myth that TB is contagious nor has been able to spread the message that there are other forms of TB besides pulmonary TB. They have yet to work to improve access to DOTS services in remote areas and overcome stigma of TB and discrimination against TB patients.

    “TB is a dirty secret everyone wants to hide. In my village, three men died of TB in the last two years. They didn’t take regular medicines and drank alcohol. Whenever I used to go to advise them, they would insult me and ask me who it was that told me that they have TB,” revealed an anganwadi worker from a remote village in Sanguem taluka. Under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), modes of observation in villages are often Anganwadi workers who have no access to TB patients, due to the fear that she may spread the news that they have TB in the village and they will be stigmatised.

    Further, talking on the condition that she is not quoted, she said, “Most of the people in and around the mining areas have symptoms of pulmonary TB. But they don’t go for treatment as they believe that TB is not curable.”

    “The effort to stop the spread of TB and to ensure a TB free world is curbed by social stigma attached to the disease,” admits Dr Bidan Das, State TB Officer, GSTCS. Even Dr Arvind Salelkar, Director of Health Services admits that the effort of changing the mindset of all persons concerned with TB has been a daunting task but yet intensive IEC efforts, training and retraining of staff we have taken a giant leap forward in tackling TB as its very roots.

    But official facts are different from field reality. Even as officials at the Goa State Tuberculosis Control Society (GSTCS) demonstrate that DOTS is having its impact and excellent progress has been made with DOTS with case detection and treatment success rates, people in the remote villages in Goa live without easy access to the magic pills.

    Anil Sawant was put on DOTS in 2005. Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) is an effective strategy for curing TB, which involves monitoring a patient for six months. The monitoring is crucial because failure to complete the drug treatment can lead to multi-drug resistant TB, which is extremely difficult to cure.

    But within three months he stopped the treatment. Reason? “I was feeling better and I couldn’t leave my shop and travel every alternate day to go to Hospicio Hospital, Margao, which is 25 kms away from my village for medicines,” said Anil Sawant, who runs a tea stall in Dadolem, Sanguem taluka. Recollecting the days of ordeal he says, “I would leave at 6.45 am by bus and return at around 1 pm. This affected my business.”

    Even his 60-plus mother is suffering from infectious pulmonary TB, but she refuses to go to Margao every alternate day for medicines, which is given free of cost. “She is week but she feels weaker after the travel and therefore has stopped the medicines midway,” he added.

    Despite World Health Organisation’s clear regional strategic plan (2000-2015) to sustain and enhance DOTS to reach all TB patients, improve case detection and ensure treatment success, the patients continue to drop-out of DOTS and nobody no filed visitor visits them to facilitate defaulter retrieval. If the so-called “success” of (RNTCP) is due to its directly observed treatment, then in rural Goa, the directly observed treatment has led to incidents of drop-outs as patients find it difficult to travel miles for treatment.

    Worse still is the fact that with the primary health centres and sub-health centres failing to meet the need the health care needs of individuals and families in the community, people are forced to travel long distances to go to the district hospital. “”Earlier we used to go to the Community Health Centre at Savordem, which is 26 kms away from our village. But it doesn’t have doctors and adequate equipments. We are made to wait for long hours, only to be sent back without treatment. Due to this we prefer to go to a private doctor,” revealed Satyavan Dessai from Sulcorna in Quepem taluka.

    Dr Debabar Banerji, Professor Emeritus, Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, JNU believes that the problem with RNTCP is that it is not being implemented not being fully implemented. “RNTCP is responsible to create a condition wherein the patients take the pills regularly.

    Unless RNTCP ensures that person as a whole is dealt with, it has no meaning,” he said. Dr Banerji further added, “There is a group of TB patients who are harassed by poverty and alcoholism. For them TB is a minor problem. The solution lies in solving the major problems of life along with treating TB”.

    No wonder despite claims of intensification of supervision and monitoring, rigorous record keeping and thorough follow-ups, people like the Sawant’s continue to drop-out of the treatment midway.

    Free pills, but no food

    She doesn’t have food to eat but gets the magic pill free of cost. Jani Singadi’s was put on DOTS when she was tested sputum positive in January 2006. But the moment, 65-year-old Jani started treatment she felt weaker and had severe stomach ache. Added to that were the multi-layered crisis within the family: three orthopaedically disabled sons, surplus of hunger, no money, an illegal house gifted by a few philanthropists, rising debt, etc.

    Unable to deal with the increasing health problems and with no one to take her to the sub-health centre, which is 2 km away at Nanoda, Bicholim, she stopped taking pills for a month. “I couldn’t go because I was feeling weak. No field officer ever came to visit me. I started medicines again after sometime when I became seriously ill,” she accepts candidly. Now after a year, she is again tested sputum positive at Goa Medical College.

    This despite Dr VR Muralidharan, District TB Officer, North Goa claims that we have default retrieval action to retrieve the patient back on track to take medicines. “Our success rate in retrieving patients is very high,” he added.


    For the last three months, Shanti Shetikar has been feeling week. She has had consistent cough since last two months and has lost lot of weight-all symptoms of pulmonary TB. She went to the nearest sub-health centre at Kevona were the doctor gave her iron tablets. But all this has not helped. She has not bothered to go back to the sub-health centre.

    “The doctor only comes once a week and that too for an hour. So it’s really difficult to meet him. Moreover, we are very poor and no one looks at us in the government hospital. We are made to wait for long hours and then sometimes send back without check-up due to lack of facility. Because of this we prefer to go to a private doctor,” she reveals.

    So she went to a quack in the village who gave her six vitamin injections stating that she was feeling weak because she was vitamin deficient. However, it has not helped. For long she has been planning to go to for a proper medical check-up at the government hospital in Margao, which is nearly 30 kms away from her mining village in Quinamol, Sanguem, but she has not got time.

    “What can I do? Everyday I have to go to the market to sell vegetables. The day I don’t go, there is no money at home to feed to two hungry kids,” she reveals. Shanti cultivates vegetables and sells them in the market to earn a living.

    No tea in TB!

    Vithal Parwadkar, who runs a tea stall in at Assnora, Bardez taluka, dilemma is strange. Few villagers have raised objections to him serving tea to “known” TB patients. “People tell me, ‘He has TB and you are serving him tea in your stall. We don’t want to have tea in the same glass, get us a new set of glasses’,” he added.

    Strange enough, people are so scared of TB that they have isolated one family in the village because the head of the family died of TB and the rest of the family members are frail and constantly coughing. Vithal reveals that the elder daughter had to be married off to a widower, as no one was ready to marry into the family. GT tried to meet the family, but in vain.

    TB kills 1 person every minute in India

    — In Goa, more than 1 person die of TB every month.

    – Goa has a high prevalence of tuberculosis as compared to other states

    – Annual risk of TB infection is 1.5 % in rest of India, while in the Western region, especially Goa, the risk of TB infection is 1. 9 %

    – 20 lakh people in Goa are at present suffering from pulmonary TB, of which nearly 5000 are infectious.

    – An average 2,100 new TB cases are detected every year, of which 50 per cent are sputum positive.

    The article appeared in Gomantak Times, Panjim Edition dated April 20, 2007This article is written with the support of PANOS STOP Media Fellowship

    1. Preetu Nair on April 21st, 2007 at 10:01 am
  2. No DOT(ted) lines for them…

    Not just homes, but hopes were razed on June 14, 2004. Further pushed into a life of poverty, added with their high risk behaviour, have made commercial sex workers fall easy prey to TB and HIV. PREETU NAIR walks through the narrow lanes of Baina to understand the extent of the problem.When earthmovers and bulldozers tore through, brutally and indiscriminately obliterating Shenaz’s home in Baina in the western state of Goa, India on June 14, 2004, she didn’t breakdown. She didn’t cry even when she had to push her minor daughter into commercial sex work to pay the house rent. After all, she had learnt to tackle poverty and live with the little opportunities and choices that life bestowed on her.

    Now, Shenaz is in total despair. She finds herself in a vicious circle of stigma, economic hardship and discrimination, aggravated by the fact that she was detected with TB in February. “Life has changed for me. I have lost weight, feel weak and easily tired,” said Shenaz. Being detected with TB and put on DOTS was just the beginning of her woes.

    Recalling the happenings of the past few months, Shenaz said that she was asked to take medicines for six months from the local STD clinic at Baina. “I got medicines for a week. Later, when I went to the clinic, I was insulted and denied medicines because there was no doctor or nurse on duty. This went on for more than a week and my condition deteriorated and I had to be hospitalised,” she revealed.Shehnaz’s first time to the STD clinic was a bitter experience. She says, “I am going to the STD clinic because I get medicines free of cost.”

    Policy makers claim that the DOTS strategy is based on the availability of free, quality anti-TB drugs for all actively infected patients through the public health network, the reality is quite different. People like Shehnaz are denied easy access to treatment because they belong to a stigmatised group in Baina.

    However, officials at the Goa State Tuberculosis Control Society (GSTCS) blame the failing primary health system and shortage of doctors in the health centres for such goof-ups. “At present, there is no doctor at the Baina STD clinic. We are trying to cover up for it with the help of auxiliary workers and they are doing good work, but there is an obvious lack of doctor, which shows,” explained Dr VR Muralidharan, District TB Officer, North Goa.

    However, Shenaz doesn’t understand these arguments. All she knows is that her health deteriorated because she, a single breadwinner, didn’t get medicines on time. “It is really difficult times for us. Each time I have fought to rebuild my life. Now I am tired,” she added.

    Dr Maryam Shahmanesh, Clinical Research Fellow and Clinical epidemiologist for EFA, University College London, reveals that their studies have shown that the forced eviction of Baina has made the women much more mobile than before. “If they had TB it would have been very difficult for them to access DOT services and even more difficult for services and NGOs to find them. An additional factor is that the demolition led to a further erosion of the women’s trust towards both public health services as well as NGOs for the Baina women felt let down by these services/agencies,” she said.

    Although there are no accurate estimates of TB in Baina, Dr Maryam believes that given the high prevalence of HIV amongst the Baina “sex workers” and the higher vulnerability to TB and HIV, it is very likely that the prevalence of TB in the women of Baina would have been much higher than the general population.

    Arun Pandey, Director, ARZ, an NGO working with trafficked victims in Baina admits that many women in Baina didn’t get the benefits of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme because it started in Goa in September 2004, a few months after the Baina demolition. “Now it is also difficult for NGO’s to have access to TB patients, as the trafficked victims have spread around. Their behavioural pattern, fear of discrimination and stigma make it difficult for them to come for treatment,” said Arun.

    When a physically weak Rupa was taken for a sputum test at the Cottage hospital at Chicalim, she was sent to the TB hospital at Margao. At the TB hospital, she was tested sputum positive. The doctor advised her to be admitted for monitoring. However, the condition placed on her was: She should arrange for someone to stay with her at the hospital.
    “Often patients are dumped at the TB hospital for months together because no one is ready to take them back home due to stigma. We wanted to fix responsibility and therefore we insist that someone should accompany the patient to the TB hospital and stay with them. This ensures family support and takes care of patient’s needs besides the nursing part,” added Dr Muralidharan.
    “As no one was ready to stay with me, I made an excuse that my little child was alone at home and as there is no one to look after him, I would prefer to stay at home,” she said. The doctors agreed and put her on DOTS. A month later, she went on a date (that’s outstation trips for a period of 10 or 15 days for commercial sex work) during which she stopped the treatment. Now back in Goa, she is admitted in the TB hospital, struggling hard to survive.

    “When you have the strong medicines to cure TB you need to have nutritious food and vitamin supplements. For this, they have to prostitute and to prostitute they drink alcohol. Alcoholism added with the kind of job they indulge in, ensures that they have no discipline in life. Further they are stressed out, depressed and have suicidal tendencies as they have no expectation from life, so it is difficult to convince them to continue with the medicines”, observed Pandey.

    Officials at GSTCS admit that dropouts are high amongst these vulnerable sections. “Sometimes they don’t reveal their proper address. Neither do they inform us when they go out of station. This is the case with many here. Stopping the medicines abruptly and re-starting has resulted in many cases of drug resistance in Baina,” admitted Dr Bidan Das, State TB Officer, GSTCS.

    HIV V/S TB
    In a late night raid at Baina on July 24, 2006, Laxmi was rescued and produced by the police before the Mormugao Deputy Collector and SDM, who remanded her to protective custody. The next day, the SDM ordered the police to take her to GMC for medical examination, which was delayed.
    On July 27, the SDM learned from an NGO that Laxmi was receiving DOTS treatment and she had missed the medicines because she was sent to the State Protective Home at Merces, and immediately passed an order stating that Laxmi be allowed to take any medical treatment. Few days later, the in-charge of Protective Home wrote to the SDM stating that Laxmi has revealed that she has TB and HIV and is bleeding, which is risky for others and there is no medical staff to give her medicines nor any vehicle to transport her to the hospital in case of an emergency.

    “With this case I was put in a peculiar situation. Immediate medical check-up is essential under section 15 (5)(A) of ITPA and I had asked for her to be sent for medical check-up. Had we got the reports on time, there wouldn’t have been any problem. Further, I was in a fix once the State Protective Home in-charge expressed their inability to keep her and so I had to seek the help of an NGO ASRO,” stated SDM Levinson Martins.

    Despite the HIV pandemic presenting a massive challenge to the control of TB at all levels, there is no joint effort between various agencies to decrease the burden of TB and HIV especially amongst the vulnerable section and ensure timely treatment. At the moment, the only joint effort in Goa is between Goa State AIDS Control Society and GSTCS, but their role is also very limited.

    (Few names have been changed to protect the identities of the individuals)
    The article appeared in Gomantak Times, Panjim Edition dated April 13, 2007This article is written with the support of PANOS STOP Media Fellowship

    2. Preetu Nair on April 21st, 2007 at 10:01 am

    Tuberculosis (TB) kills 1 person every minute in India. In Goa, TB kills 15 people who undergo TB treatment every year. But, no one knows how many people actually live and die with TB, without making it to the success or failure data of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) in the state, because they have never had access to treatment, either because of stigma or ignorance. In the first of three-part series on tuberculosis in Goa, PREETU NAIR looks at the impact of TB on the state, so far.

    Incidentally, has a high prevalence of tuberculosis as compared to other states. “The annual risk of TB infection is 1.5 per cent in rest of , while in the Western region, especially , the risk of TB infection is 1. 9 per cent,” revealed Dr VR Muralidharan, District TB Officer, . Yet, reliable sources in the Health Services department inform that not much attention has been paid by the health authorities to eradicate the disease.It is estimated that 20 lakh people in are at present suffering from pulmonary TB, of which nearly 5000 are infectious. An average 2,100 new TB cases are detected every year, of which 50 per cent are sputum positive.

    “In terms of numbers, the number of sputum cases that are investigated has increased. We are now getting cases from the remote areas even without holding medical camps or door-to-door medical check-ups. This shows that people are becoming more and more aware of the possibility of them having TB,” said Dr Muralidharan. He however added, “The stigma about TB has now come down considerably. It now exists only amongst the migrant or illiterate people.”

    Better late than never?
    Blame it on administrative failure or lack of political will, but RNTCP was started in on September 13, 2004, nearly 11 years after the programme was launched nationwide. But now, the state government is trying to make up for the delay and has pledged to detect 70 per cent of all infectious TB cases and cure 85 per cent of them by the end of 2007. However, few government doctors are not so optimistic. “Once you start later, its always a question of catching up because its an on-going process and the number of cases keep coming up,” said a doctor, on condition of anonymity. Still worse, the District TB Hospitals are terribly short staffed.

    But officials at the Goa State Tuberculosis Control Society (GSTCS) insist that efforts are being made to catch up with lost time and ensure that each and every TB patient gets the required treatment, on time. They are working hard to connect with the villages and communities to sensitise people that TB is no more a dreaded disease and is curable.

    Women matter
    Though 30-year- old Sunita from Valpoi was literate, her ignorance about TB was immense. She didn’t know that TB is curable and the treatment for TB is absolutely free. Worse still, for her, TB meant a disease in which a person ended up in some sanatorium, rejected and isolated by the family.To get across the message that TB is curable and treatment is free of cost for women, the “hidden section” of the society, GSTCS has now approached the mahila mandals and women’s self-help groups with the aim to ensure that women have access to adequate and important information.

    “Women in rural areas don’t have a dominant voice in the family and due to this, they fear that if detected with TB, they may be isolated or rejected by family members,” explained Dr Muralidharan. Interestingly, now GSTCS has also started sensitising school kids about TB, because they believe that children are the best disseminators of information.

    Coming to the nearest health centre for his DOTS treatment everyday, meant that Ramesh from Torda, near Porvorim, would lose his daily wage of Rs 150. To make certain that Ramesh had his daily dose of medicines, GSTCS entered into a tie-up with the private JMJ hospital, to become a Directly Observed Treatment, short course (DOTS) provider. A DOTS provider has to ensure that the patients swallow the medicines under their direct supervision. DOTS prevents the spread of TB bacilli, thus reducing the incidence and prevalence of TB and providing credence to TB control efforts. End result: he is now cured.

    With the increasing realisation that a sub-health centre may not be able to reach people at the micro-level and to ensure that the patient doesn’t default, the focus has now shifted to anganwadi workers all the talukas of . Moreover, they have easy access to women and children. Already, 700-800 anganwadi workers have been sensitised in a majority of the talukas.

    Panch power!
    Imagine, an ambitious panch member as a DOTS provider. Sounds impossible? Well, it is possible in . When 20-year-old Sneha in Cumbarjua was tested sputum positive, she was to be put on DOTS. But Sneha was not interested in going to the nearest health centre for her dose of medicine because she had to work from 7 am to 7 pm to ensure that her elderly parents get a decent meal.

    Enter a panch member who became a DOTS provider. He would visit her with the medicines after she returned from work and ensured that she had her treatment. Subhash Gawde, a former panch member at Madkai, agrees that the panch members should involve themselves in such community services as it reduces stigma and ensures that TB patients get timely treatment. “TB is curable and the treatment is absolutely free of cost. So one no more needs to be scared of the disease,” added Gawde, whose come forward to become a DOTS provider from Madkai. Inspired by his response, GSTCS now aims to sensitise and train the panchayat members.

    (Some names have been changed to protect identities)

    The article appeared in Gomantak Times, Panjim Edition dated April 6, 2007This article is written with the support of PANOS STOP Media Fellowship

    3. Preetu Nair on April 21st, 2007 at 10:00 am

One Trackback

  1. By IndianPad on February 7, 2007 at 10:42 am

    Stuck in traffic : A Goa Sex traffic report

    Stuck in traffic : A Goa Sex traffic report posted at IndianPad.com

Post a Comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.